February 2010

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Call for papers
Interdisciplinary Science Reviews " Poetries and sciences in the 21st Century"

This is to invite proposals for contributions to a themed issue of Interdisciplinary Science Reviews on the topic of "ISR Poetries and Sciences CFP", to be published as volume 39, number 1, March 2014.

Reference here to the present century is meant to imply that the relationship between poetry and science is historically contingent and that our current views of it are informed and challenged by those of the past. The intended aim of this issue, then, is not so much to say or even to sketch what we believe to be true as to question our views by considering where they come from, both in the present and in the past, and to speculate on what is to be done.

As a point of departure, consider the literary critic I. A. Richards’ Poetries and Sciences , a work whose writing and revisions span the middle half of the 20th Century. In his book, which bears the marks of considerable struggle and disagreement, Richards asked what poetry could be in a world deeply and broadly affected by technoscience. The revolution it has brought about, he argued, is "too drastic to be met by any such half‐measures" as promotion of wonder in the marvels of nature (1970: 52‐3). What could wonder be but an attitude of ignorance when these marvels have or are assumed to have lawlike explanation? Science has neutralized nature, he argued, and so deprived poetry of its original well‐spring, "the Magical View of the world" (1970: 50). What could a poet say to those for whom making sense ultimately requires the radically plain style of scientific reasoning? His solution was to cut the language of imagination free from the language of belief, hence from epistemological certainty, implying our philosophical freedom to explore possible worlds.

Consider also the psychologist Jerome Bruner’s essay "Possible Castles", in his Actual Minds, Possible Worlds (1986). Here Bruner argues that philosophical questioning of science (by Thomas Kuhn et al .) has reawakened the ancient, even tired question of the "two cultures" by revealing science itself to be historically contingent. In response to this reawakening he gives us two opposed trajectories for the sciences and the humanities. Both originate in curiosity and speculation about the world, but the one moves steadily away from ambiguity while the other moves toward increasing "the alternativeness of human possibility" (Bruner 1986: 53). He concludes his essay by quoting Aristotle on the poet’s function: "to describe not the thing that has happened, but a kind of thing that might happen" ( Poetics II.9). What matters to the poet, Bruner says, is verisimilitude to conceivable human experience. The poet’s job, we might say, is to expand what is conceivable by finding the right words, whereas the scientist’s is to extend what is explicable by equally audacious but differently directed acts of imagination.

Much closer to our time, enter into the debate physicist Robert B. Laughlin’s declaration that as much in physics as in biology we have come out of the reductionism which defined science throughout the 20th Century (2005: 208) – and so created Richards’ dilemma – into an Age of Emergence. If so, then the question to be rescued from the muddle of "two cultures" is truly vigorous and contemporary. Let us say that, to quote theoretical biologist Robert Rosen, we foreswear the crippling mental habit "of looking only downward toward subsystems, and never upward and outward" (2000: 2), which renders us unable to see emergent organizational principles, of poetry or of life itself. What then might poetry and science have to do with each other? What might that preeminent expression of technoscience, computing, have to say about poetry, and how might it go about the saying? How might our most adventurous theories of poetic discourse inform a computing that works "upward and outward" from its object of study?

Practical matters

All contributions will be peer-reviewed. Articles may contain black-and-white illustrations (for which authors should seek any necessary permissions). Articles should have a maximum length of 6000 words. For details about format see www.maney.co.uk/journals/notes/isr.

Schedule

June 2012: declare intention to contribute (title & abstract)

December 2012: submit first version

September 2013: reviewers’ comments & decision returned to authors

December 2012: final version due to the publisher

March 2014: issue published as ISR 37.2

Please address all enquiries to the Editor.

Russel Jones

Editor, Interdisciplinary Science Reviews

September 2011

Bruner, Jerome. 1986. "Possible Castles". In Actual Minds, Possible Worlds . 44‐54. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.

Laughlin, Robert B. 2005. A Different Universe: Reinventing Physics from the Bottom Down . New York: Basic Books.

Richards, I. A. 1970. Poetries and Sciences: A Reissue of Science and Poetry (1926, 1935) with Commentary . London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Rosen, Robert. 2000. Essays on Life Itself . Complexity in Ecological Systems Series. New York: Columbia University Press

Call for papers

International Interdisciplinary Conference, 17-18 February 2011

Centre for the History of Medicine and Disease, Durham University, UK

Deadline for submission of abstracts: 31 July 2010

This conference will discuss the history of the relationship between aesthetics and medical understandings of the body. Today's vogue for neurological accounts of artistic emotions has a long pedigree. Since G.S. Rousseau's pioneering work underlined the importance of models of the nervous system in eighteenth-century aesthetics, the examination of physiological explanations in aesthetics has become a highly productive field of interdisciplinary research. Drawing on this background, the conference aims to illuminate the influence that different medical models of physiology and the nervous system have had on theories of aesthetic experience. How have aesthetic concepts (for instance, imagination or genius) be grounded medically? What effect did the shift from animal spirits to modern neurophysiology have on aesthetics?

This interdisciplinary conference brings together scholars working in a wide range of fields, including not only the history of medicine but also in subjects such as art history, languages and musicology.

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There are about three weeks left before the deadline for the NEH Summer Institute to be held at Mystic Seaport (CT, USA) this summer, 21 June to 30 July 2010.

Entitled "The American Maritime People," the institute will pay $4,500 to each participant to defray expenses; there are places available for faculty and graduate students alike.

Please refer to the institute website for information on the program, participant eligibility and the application process.

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