April 2011

You are currently browsing the monthly archive for April 2011.

Call for Papers: Journal special issue

April 2011

Essay proposals are invited for a collection entitled ‘The Cultural Production of Eighteenth-Century Natural Knowledge’. We are developing a collection of essays as a journal special issue which will examine the production and circulation of knowledge about the natural world in the eighteenth century. This interdisciplinary collection will bring together original research on the relationship between science, culture and social practice in the eighteenth century.

The Enlightenment heralded an era of fascination with the workings of the natural world which eventually resulted in the development of large-scale, institutionalized efforts to investigate, categorize and explain nature. But Enlightenment knowledge was not made in the laboratory or the university alone: a complex of social networks outside these walls played a crucial role in making and disseminating new ideas, information and objects. We invite contributions that discuss scientific texts, objects, images, ideas and social networks in terms of the cultural and social conditions of scientific knowledge-making—both inside and outside of institutions. The collection will focus on the cultural and aesthetic frameworks within which medical and natural philosophical knowledge was created, represented and communicated. We hope contributors will pay special attention to historical interactions between different forms of knowledge, addressing how new kinds of ideas and social practices were produced at the points of meeting between artistic and scientific discourses and the moments of crossing between disciplinary, professional and social boundaries. The intention is to examine the cultural dimensions of eighteenth-century enquiry in order to understand what constituted ‘knowledge’ and the social processes of its production, as well as the various imaginative forms employed to make sense of new systems of information.

The essays in this special issue will demonstrate how Enlightenment representations of knowledge, manifested in textual, pictorial or oral form, influenced the development of new ways of knowing and encouraged the participation of new types of scientific practitioner. The first half of the collection will discuss the production and consumption of texts, collections and visual representations. The aim is to understand the relationship between these cultural manifestations and knowledge-making, through an examination of the points of intersection between aesthetic discourse and medical and scientific knowledge. How were scientific and medical ideas created and disseminated in literary texts, epistolary culture, travel writings, works of art, museums and other cultural productions? Who read these texts or studied collections, and how did they relate to them? Part Two will ask what the social consequences of this were for participation in Enlightenment science. By attending to how the circulation of knowledge and particular cultural forms might influence scientific practice, we aim to understand who participated in knowledge-making and how they did so during and in the wake of the Enlightenment. Through reanimating the cultural and social contexts of medical and scientific ideas and practices, this collection asks how people were invited to imagine the natural world as well as what the natural world was imagined to be. By enlarging the cultural and social framework through which we view eighteenth-century knowledge, the essays in this special issue will open up alternate genealogies for the production of ideas and development of new practices central to the emergence of scientific modernity.

We invite proposals on topics including, but not limited to:

-          The literary production of medical and scientific knowledges

-          Social participation in knowledge-making

-          Science and visual culture

-          Enlightenment scholarly networks and the circulation of people and things

-          Scientific objects

-          Science and storytelling

-          Colonialism, geographical movement and the production of knowledge

-          Aesthetic theory and discourses of scientific cognition

The collection will be edited and introduced by Dr Sarah Easterby-Smith (European University Institute) and Dr Emily Senior (University of Warwick), with an afterword by Professor Judith Hawley (Royal Holloway, University of London).

Submissions:

Deadline for proposals (2 pages max, accompanied by a brief biographical statement or CV): 20th May 2011. Complete essays of c. 7,000 words will be due 15th September 2011.

Please send queries and submissions to:

Sarah Easterby Smith Sarah.Easterby-Smith@alumni.warwick.ac.uk and

Emily Senior E.Senior@alumni.warwick.ac.uk

We are delighted to announce that Sally Shuttleworth has won the BSLS prize for the best book in the field of literature and science published in 2010 for The Mind of the Child: Child Development in Literature, Science, and Medicine, 1840-1900 (Oxford University Press). For the judges' comments on this book, and for full details of the shortlist, go to the BSLS book prize page on this website.

I am pleased to announce that we have now finalised our programme for the next meeting, scheduled to take place on 9th May.  Please find the details below.

Best wishes,

Susie Christensen and Helen Barron

Direct queries to susie.christensen@kcl.ac.uk or helen.barron.10@ucl.ac.uk

University of London Sciences and the Arts Interdisciplinary Discussion Group

Date: Monday 9th May, 5-7pm

Topic: Memory

Location: GFSB2, Room 2, Ground Floor, Strand Building, King’s College London

Each speaker will present for 20 minutes, which will be followed by one hour’s general discussion amongst the speakers and the group.  We will cover the issues raised in the presentations and issues surrounding memory in sciences and arts and their relationship more generally.

Professor John Morton, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, UCL.

Professor Morton is widely recognised for his work on memory, and on the modelling of cognitive processes and developmental disorders.  From 1982 to 1998 he was the Director of the MRC Cognitive Development Unit.  He was also Chair of the British Psychological Society Working Party on Recovered Memories.  He will talk to us about his work on the role of memory in dissociative-identity disorder (DID).

Suggested reading: Daniel L. Schacter, Searching for Memory: the Brain, the Mind, and the Past (New York: Basic Books, 1996).  Chapter 8, “Islands in the Fog: Psychogenic Amnesia” (pp. 218-247).  Two-thirds of this chapter is viewable on google books.  To find it, search for the phrase “fog psychogenic”.

Further reading: J. Morton, “Cognitive Pathologies of Memory: A Headed Records Analysis”.  In W. Kessen, A. Ortony, & F. Craik (eds.), Memories, Thoughts, and Emotions: Essays in Honor of George Mandler (pp. 199-210) (Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1991).

Joanne Bristol, The Bartlett, Faculty of the Built Environment, UCL

Joanne will begin by presenting a 5-minute performance titled Association for Imaginary Architecture. She describes this work as, “a performance involving architectural design, narration and touch. The performance involves a one-on-one exchange between myself and audience members. I ask individuals to verbally describe an architectural space they have experienced. As the space is described I draw a ‘plan’ of it on the speaker’s back with my hands. My intention is to offer dialogical spaces regarding relationships between architecture, memory, imagination, translation, inscription and the body.”

Following the performance, she will present excerpts from her paper ‘back words spaces’ which locates ways that Association for Imaginary Architecture might offer insights into how built worlds are imagined and internalized. The paper focuses on the performance’s use of vocalization and touch to remember ‘old’ space while also creating ‘new’ space. The paper also touches on literary theorist David Wills’ concept of ‘dorsality’ to address the physical space of the human back, as well as the space and performance of memory.

Suggested reading: David Wills, Dorsality: Thinking Back through Technology and Politics (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2008). Chapter 1, “The Dorsal Turn” (pp.2-20). This chapter is viewable on google books. To find it, search for the phrase “the arguments mobilized here”. Here Wills is theorising 'dorsality' in relation to concepts of the body, technology, progress, and memory.

Daniel Friesner, Explainer Unit, The Science Museum.

Daniel did his PhD at King’s College London, on philosophical issues in developmental psychology.  For the last few years he has co-organised a reading group on the relations between science and literature.  He will talk about some literary aspects of Luria’s famous case-history, The Mind of a Mnemonist.

Suggested reading: Alexander R. Luria, The Mind of a Mnemonist, translated from the Russian by Lynn Solotaroff (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1968, 1987).  To find it online, follow the link http://www.scribd.com/doc/12983496/Alexander-Luria-The-Mind-of-a-Mnemonist.

css.php